How to structure a software development team

Business

How to structure a good software development team is one of the biggest challenges that a manager has when deciding to start a new digital product. Among the main doubts that arise at that moment are related to the necessary functions within the team, how many people are needed for the good progress and what is the best professional profile.

Within the technology area, different roles and responsibilities are defined. Because of this, understanding what each of these profiles does is essential for a good project performance. Thinking to help you in this moment of decision, we have prepared an article that details some essential functions and positions for the progress of your project and what are its due importance.

Remembering that each moment of the startup needs a certain set of professionals, and our intention is just to show each one of them so that you can decide which ones you need.

CTO

To structure a software development team, the presence of a CTO is essential. He is the chief technology officer of his company and is responsible for the entire technical area of the business. It is his responsibility to hire the team for the area, control code quality and technical debt, always be tuned in to new technologies and know how to get the best out of each person within the team.

As we are talking about digital products, technology is one of the main areas of the business, so it is important that this professional is one of the business partners. In this way, you are able to guarantee your total commitment to team management and product development.

PM

Following our presentation of the main positions for managing a project appears the Product Manager. This professional is responsible for guiding your product, and he is also the one who gives direction to where the team should go and which paths to take.

Knowing how to set a priority on which features will be launched with priorities and what the client’s real needs are competencies of that professional. It is essential that a good Product Manager has a notion of growth hacking, roadmap definition and processes. Knowledge in agile methodologies such as SCRUM and KANBAN and product metrics are also essential.

Front-end developer

When we talk about front-end we are referring to the development of a more visual aspect of the product. This part of the development will deal with the functionalities that guarantee the user’s direct relationship with the system. All the things that someone sees or interacts when they are on a website, for example, relate to the front end.

When a page is accessed, it has several features. Everything a person sees when accessing a website was made possible by a front-end developer. For this, the professional will use a language (such as JavaScript) that will allow to elaborate the application components in the browser. Menus, buttons, titles, texts, bars. All of this is the result of the work of this professional.

Back-end developer

The back-end developer, on the other hand, is concerned with what is “behind” what the user sees. This specialization will be based mainly on the functionalities related to the information that are not displayed in the interface of the website but, nonetheless, are necessary for its functioning.

A dynamic web application, for example, requires a variety of information and functionality that will be stored on servers and databases. The developer specialized in this area is responsible for a kind of “intermediation” between what the user accesses and this data.

Your performance will ensure that the application remains up to date and preserves the data that must be there, such as videos and images. In order for him to do this, it is necessary to use a programming language that is understood by the databases. In this case, the developer will use PHP, C #, Java – and even JavaScript -, for example.

Full Stack developer

The full stack developer, can act in several parts within our project, he can develop both back-end and front-end and depending on the experience of this developer he can even work with devops.

This type of professional is essential for starting a startup, as it reduces the amount of resources needed to make a project run from end to end.

QA and UX/UI Designer

Quality Assurance, as the name implies, is the person who guarantees the quality of a project. She is responsible for testing the products, whether automated or not.

The objective of this professional is to reduce the amount of bugs that reach the end customer, thus increasing the quality of the product as a whole.

Entering the Design segment, at this moment, it is important that a team has two professional profiles. UI Design is responsible for how the application will behave visually, that is, it is the one who actually designs the application screens thinking mainly about aesthetics. UX Design takes care of the experience as a whole, in addition to the interface it thinks about aspects such as ease of use accessibility.

Devops

Devops, in a simpler way, is the combination of development and operation practices. The job of this professional is to automate the maximum of infrastructure functions, such as publications on servers, security, database backup, among others.

A good Devops also knows how to work with the most famous cloud services on the market, such as AWS or Google Cloud.

Tips to how to build a good software development team

For any manager to be able to structure a good software development team, it is important to take into account some points. The main one is the context of the product and the timing of the business. When the need arises to assemble a new technology team, whether for a new digital product or the launch of new features of an existing product, always be clear about the objectives that this team needs to achieve.

In addition, the presence of a multidisciplinary team assists in the process, since it is a combination of people from different specialties that aims to deliver a result. With this variety, you can have different views on the same problem, so the solution can be much more creative.

Another important point is to be as transparent as possible. That way, the people on the team know exactly what their responsibilities are and what they will perform on a daily basis. It is very annoying when you hire a professional to work on process X and end up working on process Y. Of course, these situations can happen, but it is essential that you as a manager talk to that person explain the situation.

In addition to all this, for a healthy production process, it is recommended that the staff have a cultural fit similar to the values of your company. When hiring, be sure to do an interview to ensure that the new employee has all the cultural aspects that you value in your business.